You are currently viewing LQ as a guest. command | lp. Get and display the file size and the directory size using du command. lp -d myprinter -o scaling=200 file name. daemons) start properly. To display the IP addresses using the hostname command, use the -I option. Below powershell code helps you to list the files which are greater than given size(2GB in this case) and output the file sizes in MB/GB format. For most Linux distros, bash (bourne again shell) is the default command-line interface or shell used to execute these commands. com rocks' | base64 c2NvdHRsaW51eC5jb20gcm9ja3MK. Here is an example using /dev/hde1. Run commands from a file `. Split Command Examples: 1. end of change ## Create logical volume, filesystem, mountpoint, add entry to /etc/filesystems at the specified size. by Himanshu Arora. lp file(s) lpr file(s) These commands can read from a pipe, so you can print the output of commands using. $ split -l20000 --verbose split. Thank you for downloading this release of the Java TM Platform, Standard Edition Development Kit (JDK TM). head Print the first 10 lines of a file to standard output hostname Show or set the system's host name history Display entire command history HISTSIZE Change history size httpd Start Apache I back to commands top identify Describes the format and characteristics of image files. Additional options print the classpath after wildcard expansion or write the classpath into the manifest of a jar file. There are tons of options to use on the ls command. jpg JPEG 1500x1000 1500x1000+0+0 8-bit DirectClass 104KB 0. Linux Commands command, grep, linux, search, string How to search a directory tree for all files containing specific text string on Linux using the command line. Hi Boris, It a nice script. 6 Mb In order to reduce the EPS file size it shall be enough to reduce the linear dimensions of our artwork. But the size of each sample depends on the type of measurement. To find the most recently modified files, sorted in the reverse order of update time (i. Using Linux rm command to delete, remove hidden files and folder - Basic Linux Command. API functions to get the size of physical memory (RAM) differ between Windows, Linux, OSX, AIX, BSD, Solaris, and other UNIX-style OSes. To display the type of a file, and the info about the type you can use the command line file, this command shows you the type of file no matter the extension it may have. lp -d myprinter -o scaling=200 file name. du command, is used to estimate file space usage, and is useful is you intend to list the disk usage by directory. Sounds simple, but again, I'm new to PowerShell. For a file, this is the time that the file was last changed; for a directory, it is the time that the directory was created. This HowTo will suggest a few methods for listing such files in specific directories or complete file systems. A certain percentage of an ext3 file-system is dedicated to root, as a way of preventing a rogue process from filling the disk to the point that the system is unusable. You can also specify a directory to list. I guess that reveals how old I really am If no value is given, key key is removed from definitions. How to check directory file size on linux (Solution) By mkyong | July 24, 2008 | Updated : August 30, 2012 | Viewed : 84,002 | +64 pv/w hmm… linux whatever also in command line, it really make me uncomfortable, i even need to issue a command to check a directory size. Long options can be put in an options file (default "~/. The website of Gentoo, a flexible Linux distribution. Next, you will need to create the partitions and file systems. Write a command to find the sum of bytes (size of file) of all files in a directory. EXE (if any) associated with that console, thus closing and leftover handles to the files used by the 16 bit DEBUG. The Result A file named Directory. If you just want to get a list of zero byte sized files, remove the -exec and -delete options. An interesting place to look at different kinds of file permissions is the /bin directory. The current algorithm Windows uses to set the default paging file size is: If total physical RAM is less than 2 gigabytes (GB), the paging file is set to 1. I'm unsure if this option is acceptable in your UNIX version of ls, though. UNIX For DOS Users (YoLinux. The find command is one of the most powerful tools in the Linux system administrators arsenal. By default, the du command lists all subdirectories to show how much disk space each has occupied. For a file, this is the time that the file was last changed; for a directory, it is the time that the directory was created. Mastering these commands can give you complete control over. April 12, 2015 linux commands, sed 4 comments This is the first article of the "Super sed ' Series" , in which we will learn how to print lines in a file using line numbers and regular expressions. du command, is used to estimate file space usage, and is useful is you intend to list the disk usage by directory. Below powershell code helps you to list the files which are greater than given size(2GB in this case) and output the file sizes in MB/GB format. Sign in to view. The ls command lists the content of the current directory (or one that is specified). To change resolution use a command like this: [ xrandr -s 1024x760 ] This will immediately change the resolution; in this case to 1024x760. If you type p to print the partition. du command in Linux with examples du command, short for disk usage, is used to estimate file space usage. I just loaded on a Pro6, the 4. By default the PREFIX is x, and the number of lines is 1000 lines per file. The basic command is structured as follows: dd if= of= bs=("USUALLY" some power of 2, not less than 512 bytes(ie, 512, 1024, 2048, 4096, 8192, 16384, but can be ANY reasonable number. ' tells find to allocate 5 spaces to the size and print the size in kilobytes, followed by a space, followed by the file's name. The best way to find files is to utilize several different terminal commands. If your pdf file contains high quality images which can result in a large pdf file size, try to use a virtual pdf printer to print the file into another pdf file in lower quality. The trick to increasing the limit for db_recovery_file_dest_size was to: 1 - Start the database, then mount the database (Do not open the database) 2 - Use RMAN to run a crosscheck on the archive logs and then update the RMAN catalog to delete the expired redo logs that I had manually deleted via the OS to free-up space in the disk filesystem. The above command will create 5MB size file filled with random data. If defined, this indicates that the software is running as a web application, which restricts access to image files. exe If you have path with spaces, use quotation marks. To find a file by name, size, type, etc in the graphical interface is quite easy, And it is not really so easy in CLI (Command Line Interface). $ man head Method 4 – create files of a certain size using “dd” command. How to Save the Output of a Command to a File in Linux By Nick Congleton – Posted on May 15, 2017 May 14, 2017 in Linux On Linux systems there are quite a few ways to save command line output to files. All commands were tested using GNU/Linux and GNU coreutils v8. sudo find / -name '*' -size +1G # ''Optionally'': sudo find / -name '*' -size +500M; An initial Ubuntu installation will not normally have files larger than 500 MB on the system partition. command | lp. -i/--include (HTTP) Include the HTTP-header in the output. Linux Information Portal includes informative tutorials and links to many Linux sites. From the above example you can list the Unicode folder using the command below: dir /s /AD unicode. The current algorithm Windows uses to set the default paging file size is: If total physical RAM is less than 2 gigabytes (GB), the paging file is set to 1. Sign in to view. Examples of showing a disk usage summary, outputting a human readable format, showing the size of a directory and showing the ten largest files or folders on a system. To search for files larger than 1 GB using the Search bar of Windows Explorer, open Windows Explorer and enter the following command and hit Enter. It can be done with the help of Selection Tool (V) or command Scale (Object > Transform > Scale). gnupg/options"). The Linux disk usage du command is one of the best commands in Linux to check the directory size including its other contents as well as the size of individual files. This command searches for files inside c:\mydata folder. However there is now an open source project to merge two subtitle files together. Can you guess what block size should be specified so that find prints this file? The correct command is: find. [[email protected] tmp]# fdisk /dev/hde The number of cylinders for this disk is set to 8355. Here’s a code pattern to show you how to find large file size on Linux : 1. The website of Gentoo, a flexible Linux distribution. Unix contains a powerful programming language with loops and variables that I don't really understand. zip-filename} file with the extension. As you can see, "ls -s" is not an accurate number for find. Conclusion. The du grep linux. This article provides a cross-platform function to get the physical memory size, and explains what works on what OS. How to extend or grow lvm partition in linux with lvextend command by Pradeep Kumar · Published April 10, 2014 · Updated May 4, 2019 Resizing the file system size is an important task of Linux admin's profile. How do I get the size of a file in Perl? You want to know the size of a file from Perl. It can be done with the help of Selection Tool (V) or command Scale (Object > Transform > Scale). documentation > linux > usage > commands Linux commands. Mastering these commands can give you complete control over. Split Command Examples: 1. conf file, and print all lines that contain "telnet". How to Find a File in Linux. 7222 I got the desired results finally with a "convert" command that did both resizing as well as compression steps in one: convert -density 135x135 -quality 70 -compress jpeg -resize 22. dat bs=1024 count=10240 10240+0 records in 10240+0 records out 10485760 bytes (10 MB) copied, 0. com" ls -ltr abcd. ' split Split a file into fixed-size pieces strings print the strings of printable characters in (binary) files. only show files over 100 Mb in size. I need to display the folder name and the folder size in bytes(up to 200gb) and number of files in the folder. lzma files yes Print a string until interrupted zip Package and compress (archive) files. sort Sort text files source Run commands from a file `. I am quite new to batch file coding. This command searches for files inside c:\mydata folder. To do this I executed the following command find -type f -size +100M >> /root/bigfile but it gives me not only the name of the files but the full path [[email protected] ~]# cat bigfile. The line printing daemon then tells the. pdf | grep "Print size" Print size: 35. Can anybody help me the command to chec kthe filesystems size in GB on HP-UX box. A keyboard, monitor, mouse, printer are all files in Linux. Using color to distinguish file types is disabled both by default and with --color = never. The du Command The du (i. See Command Line Processing for advice on how to structure your convert command or see below for example usages of the command. Additional options print the classpath after wildcard expansion or write the classpath into the manifest of a jar file. This includes both code snippets embedded in the card text and code that is included as a file attachment. Use the appropriate command to locate all files on your server that have a size greater than 100MB and store a list of their names in the file /root/bigfile. How to view content of RPM package using RPM command? --percent Print percentages as files are unpacked from the package archive. If you type p to print the partition. Python FTP examples create a connection, list FTP directory, upload and download files. It is also useful in merging lines from multiple files as we will see shortly. Using df command. Step 2: Increase ramdisk size. ' split Split a file into fixed-size pieces ssh Secure Shell client (remote login program) strace Trace system calls and signals su Substitute user identity sudo Execute a command as another user sum Print a checksum for a file suspend Suspend execution of this shell symlink Make a new name. 0 means no limit -x list entries by lines instead of by columns -X sort alphabetically by entry extension -Z, --context print any security context of each file -1 list one file per line. I need to display the folder name and the folder size in bytes(up to 200gb) and number of files in the folder. Linux Tips: Find All Files of a Particular Size Feb 12 th , 2008 | Comments The Unix find command is a very powerful tool, and this short post is intended to show how easy you can achieve something that might look complicate: to find all the files of a particular size. S3cmd command line usage, options and commands. Can you guess what block size should be specified so that find prints this file? The correct command is: find. -type f -size 0. But they can all be used on turing in essentially the same way, by typing the command and hitting return. Convert block size to mb If I execute this command: $ ls -lt | awk '{print $5}' | sort -nr |head -1 it returns the following value 57441881 If I execute this command: $ ls -s | sort -nr | head -1 | cut -d" " -f1 it returns the same file but now in block size 112208 Is there a way I can calculate what the size in mb one block of data is?. ls -S option flag sorts files/directories list by file size. This makes it useful for tracking down space hogs , i. Linux Operating System CA 102/CS 104 Kalyani Neve. Splitting file on number of lines. The line printing daemon then tells the. This part explains how to create GPT (GUID partition table) partitions from gdisk command in Linux step by step with examples. If you want to know more available options check df man page. However, it is equally important to find the size of a directory from CLI mode. To get a more human readable output, -h option can be used, which translates bytes into KB, MB, GB and etc. Related commands. Print a text file with 12 characters per inch, 8 lines per inch, and a 1 inch left margin. ps % print manuscript. The du command can be use to determine the total size of file in current directory. txt, with size as. This means we can use it along with the dd command to quickly generate a file of any size. head: It's a command, Output the first part of files n -10: Print the first 10 files. When you use find with size option. In this example the IP address is 192. It enables users to manage the ls command in combination with various flags to complete many tasks, such as displaying the file size of individual files or a group of selected ones. Examples of viewing free disk space, viewing in human readable format, showing filesystem types and including and excluding specific filesystem types. png file in the current directory. A big collection of Unix/Linux 'find' command examples | alvinalexander. Great Tutorial. Transferring said files between hosts, for example, can provide a quick indication of your network throughput. And Linux is no exception. You just want a file of a particular size, and don't really care what's in it or how many lines it contains - use /dev/zero. This command can be used to browse the contents of the specified file. Linux command ppt 1. Use the ls command (the first letter is a lowercase L) to see what files are in a directory. cat command: print all the contents of the file in terminal. If you want to find the biggest files only (but not directories) , use the following command instead. I have only 630gb total used (5x1tb drive in dual redundancy), yet after in windows 2003 I check file space on the folders on the NAS - it shows 930,000 files, and 17. I needed to create a log file of size 2 MB in order to be zipped up and copied to another server. How to find the size of file in MB in UNIX command line? Stack Exchange Network Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow , the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. To create the 2MB file (with all zeroes), I run the dd command:. First, we will see how you can easily summarize the size of folders and sub-folders and files in Linux from the command line. The Linux 'find' and 'locate' commands can both be used to search for files on the filesystem. Requirement is to convert file_size from bytes to megabytes through shell script as below: export DBALIST="[email protected] Using ‘ -h ‘ parameter with ( df -h ) will show the file system disk space statistics in “ human readable ” format, means it gives the details in bytes, megabytes, and gigabyte. We know that these themselves are bash commands and not actually SSH commands but it is what most Linux newbies are looking for when searching for 'SSH commands'. ' split Split a file into fixed-size pieces ssh Secure Shell client (remote login program) strace Trace system calls and signals su Substitute user identity sudo Execute a command as another user sum Print a checksum for a file suspend Suspend execution of this shell symlink Make a new name. The links on the Unix commands go to an online version of the FreeBSD manual page. Quick example of how to see the file size in Linux/Unix (I used this example Ubuntu) in MB and human readable format. Arch Linux Downloads Release Info. 588% doc_orig. ' tells find to allocate 5 spaces to the size and print the size in kilobytes, followed by a space, followed by the file's name. There are many options available to tune the page layout, the number of copies, the printer that you want to print to if you have more than one available, paper size, one-side or double-sided printing if your printer supports. Replace prefix with the name you wish to give. You can open the Command Line Interface by pressing Shift + F2. If the file exists in the current location then while loop will read the file line by line like previous example and print the file content. Printing content of the packet BACK TO TOC. Command lsof lists open files, so any deleted file still being open by a process or program can be found. -printf '%5k %f. Sign in to view. To create a file with 5 MB in size using head command, run: $ head -c 5MB /dev/urandom > ostechnix. no:File system is not mounted at system restart (default value). How to Check Disk Space Usage in Linux In this tutorial, we are going to show you how to use the df command to check disk space in Linux , and the du command to monitor disk usage. Column 5 indicayes size of the file in bytes. xz Compress or decompress. If you’re a Linux user, these two essential tools will help you manage your files more effectively. ls -al: shows all files (including ones that start with a period. The above command will sort all files and sub-directories which exist in the current directory in the order of size (biggest size first), and print the top-15. bat, and run it from command prompt. ' split Split a file into fixed-size pieces ssh Secure Shell client (remote login program) strace Trace system calls and signals su Substitute user identity sudo Execute a command as another user sum Print a checksum for a file suspend Suspend execution of this shell symlink Make a new name. I want a 16 MB ramdisk, so the next step will be to configure Linux to use a larger ramdisk size during boot. After this comes a date and time. To create this master file, run the command:. This Linux tutorial explains how to use the Linux more command with syntax and arguments. lp -d myprinter -o cpi=12 -o lpi=8 -o page-left=72 file name. Let's take a look at some other examples. The find command is used for search files in Linux. use the ps command to generate a list of processes running on the system, and pipe them to more to display them one screen at a time. Searching any files and folders in Windows is easy but in Linux. The du command can be used to track the files and directories which are consuming excessive amount of space on hard disk drive. If you type p to print the partition. If --batch or --batch-check is given, cat-file will read objects from stdin, one per line, and print information about them. For those wondering, this brief guide explains how to create files of a certain size in Unix-like systems. ' split Split a file into fixed-size pieces ssh Secure Shell client (remote login program) strace Trace system calls and signals su Substitute user identity sudo Execute a command as another user sum Print a checksum for a file suspend Suspend execution of this shell symlink Make a new name. ) skip= seek= conv=. All source code included in the card Linux: How to print PDF files from the command line is licensed under the license stated below. (HTTP/FTP/FILE) Fetch the HTTP-header only! HTTP-servers feature the command HEAD which this uses to get nothing but the header of a document. It returns a list of the matching words or shows each line of text that contains them. Now this nomenclature has got its own advantages. ExifTool will not rewrite a file if it detects a significant problem with the file format. Use Linux DD Command to make ISO Bootable on USB Drive. I will create 3 partitions. dat On Linux, you can use the dd command: $ dd if=/dev/zero of=output. If the output file's name is massif. line shell for the 90s fish is a smart and user-friendly command line shell for Linux, macOS, and the rest of the family. Also, the anti-fragmentation strategies used by Linux file-systems require that the disk is not close to full. Option 1 This is a basic method for listing files of a certain size. 7222 I got the desired results finally with a "convert" command that did both resizing as well as compression steps in one: convert -density 135x135 -quality 70 -compress jpeg -resize 22. file size The size in MB. This is a moderately intelligent print command. split command splits a single file into multiple files. The JDK is a development environment for building applications, applets, and components using the Java programming language. Disable Java VM on Linux Systems On Linux systems, if you start MATLAB without the Java ® JVM™, you can increase the available workspace memory by approximately 400 megabytes. The latter is useful in environments where wildcards cannot be used and the expanded classpath exceeds the maximum supported command line length. I will not cover every single option that you can use with the linux ls command. The output of the that command may be something like this: picture. The YoLinux portal covers topics from desktop to servers and from developers to users. Solution 1: file test operators. The final size of the file depends on the initial. use the ps command to generate a list of processes running on the system, and pipe them to more to display them one screen at a time. By default, the du command lists all subdirectories to show how much disk space each has occupied. List Files and Directories by Size on Linux Lowell Heddings @lowellheddings Updated July 16, 2013, 8:29pm EDT This page will show us how to create a list of files and folders ordered by size using standard Linux commands. If you're logged into a unix server or linux terminal, you may print text files or postscript files using the lpr command to print to the default printer, the Levine 164 queue. The history command shows a list of the commands entered since you started the session. Can anybody help me the command to chec kthe filesystems size in GB on HP-UX box. You can also select multiple files and once all of the files you want are highlighted right-click on any of the highlighted files and choose Properties. Linux Command Line, Server, DevOps and Cloud. On Solaris, it can be done simply by this command: $ mkfile 10m output. Linux paste command- This article is about paste command in Linux which is used to merge lines in a file. 5 split Examples Split the file into multiple pieces with 1000 lines each. Let's see how they work in this example: $ cat pig_info Pigs make great pets, but they are not dogs or cats. I am able to reduce a 2. Typing help followed by a command name gives help regarding that particular. ' tells find to allocate 5 spaces to the size and print the size in kilobytes, followed by a space, followed by the file's name. 77 KB ECOSYS M2035dn-M2535dn_DS_(EN). After the search is complete, all the files with a size of more than 1GB will be listed in the Search Results. Commands may be put in this file too, but that does not make sense. We can use the PowerShell cmdlet Get-Item to get file information including size of a file, we can also the the same command to get folder or directory information but it will return the size of folder as folder is determined by size of all the files that are inside the particular directory. , directories and files that consume large or excessive amounts of space on a hard disk drive (HDD) or other storage media. This is the fourth part of this article. File size >= 100MB. Creating large empty files in Linux / UNIX # mkfile size myfile where can be in KB, MB or GB using k, m or g as suffix. S3cmd command line usage, options and commands. Java and the Linux Command Line This document instructs you on how to use the Linux shell with Java. If you type p to print the partition. The command df stands for "disk filesystem". Tens of thousands of prebuilt packages with applications, all within reach thanks to apt command. FTP is the simplest file transfer protocol to exchange files to and from a remote computer or network. It searches for files and directories in a directory hierarchy based on a user given expression and can perform user-specified action on each matched file. Using below command, you can get more information about the usage of 'find' command to search for the top files in your system # find --help 2) Using ls command. xz Compress or decompress. in the find command. A certain percentage of an ext3 file-system is dedicated to root, as a way of preventing a rogue process from filling the disk to the point that the system is unusable. The default body font is Courier10unless multicolumn landscape printing mode is selected, in which case the default is Courier7. 588% doc_orig. Note that some of these commands are different on non-Solaris machines - see SunOS differences. But, I want the file to be exactly 100 MB in size. How to free disk space on Linux systems. The latter is useful in environments where wildcards cannot be used and the expanded classpath exceeds the maximum supported command line length. I also have a command line version of hexdump that you can download and run. If two arguments are passed in command line then the argument values will be received in $1 and $2 variables sequentially. Hi All, OS:AIX 64 bits. Download size: 1816 MB CCP4i and CCP4i2 may not work on new. If you type p to print the partition. You can put a c after the number, and specify the size in bytes, To search for files. The image can be burned to a CD, mounted as an ISO file, or be directly written to a USB stick using a utility like dd. Commands may be put in this file too, but that does not make sense. gpg recognizes these options: -a, --armor. HI Everyone I want to is the below command be modified in sucha way that i can get the file size along with the name and path of the file the. As you can see 21. Great Tutorial. This option is relevant only to a file size and only with a combination of -l option. You use linux commands to navigate in ssh (putty). ExifTool will not rewrite a file if it detects a significant problem with the file format. ) skip= seek= conv=. I'm assuming your PCL file is a PCL5 print job. First, we will see how you can easily summarize the size of folders and sub-folders and files in Linux from the command line. The below find command in linux can check files with SUID bit set with permissions 755 "SUID" is defined as giving temporary permissions to a user to run a program/file with the permissions of the file owner rather that the user who runs it. I want to check the filesysystem size in GB. Finding size of files and directories in GUI mode is easy! All we have to do is just right click on the file or directory, and choose the properties option from the context menu. zip creating file `xaa' creating file `xab' creating file `xac' Linux Join Command Examples 8. Thus for example, max_sectors = 240 means that a single command will not transfer more than 120 KB of data. ZIP is a compression and file packaging utility for Unix. Learn to do things in Linux command line with these practical tips and tricks curated from personal experience in day-to-day life of Linux sysadmin. The lpr command takes care of all the initial work needed to print the file, and then it hands control over to another program, lpd, the line printing daemon. Be sure to keep backups of your files. Occasionally, the need arises for files of a specific size. Quick example of how to see the file size in Linux/Unix (I used this example Ubuntu) in MB and human readable format. With a few additions to the command line you can use ps2pdf to make handsome PDF files, and you don't have to spend hundreds of dollars on proprietary software to do it. -ls all files -prune doesn't recurse into subdirectories -user files belonging to userid-nouser files not belonging to userid-size files of size n blocks -newer files modified more recently than filename-links files with n links -print print the pathnames of found files. To list the file on MB size only Is there anyway to list the files on size of Megabytes only? Am using ls -lh always or sometimes du -sh/ch,but they can list them in kb. Because of this, users have to use lpr to print a file. It simply displays the file. The Linux 'find' and 'locate' commands can both be used to search for files on the filesystem. Empty a file without deleting it. The Program statement tells awk what operation to do; Program statement consists of a series of "rules" where each rule specifies one pattern to search for, and. lp -d myprinter -o scaling=200 file name. ExifTool will not rewrite a file if it detects a significant problem with the file format. Values printed by the print command are saved in the GDB value history so that you can refer to them in other expressions. The Result A file named Directory. AppendAllText. There are tons of options to use on the ls command. List Files and Directories by Size on Linux Lowell Heddings @lowellheddings Updated July 16, 2013, 8:29pm EDT This page will show us how to create a list of files and folders ordered by size using standard Linux commands. Linux has a rich set of commands for manipulating and accessing files. 000 You now know that this is a JPEG file of 1500x1000 pixels, 8-bit depth and 104 KB. gnupg/options"). ls -al: shows all files (including ones that start with a period. Commands may be put in this file too, but that does not make sense. because the actual size is between 26 and 16 blocks of 512 bytes each. EXE (if any) associated with that console, thus closing and leftover handles to the files used by the 16 bit DEBUG. HowTo: Split PDF File – Linux Command Line Posted on Thursday July 6th, 2017 Thursday July 6th, 2017 by admin Sometimes it is required to extract some pages from a PDF file and save them as another PDF document. To create this master file, run the command:. How can I view the size of a file or folder in Linux using SSH? Posted on July 31, 2014 by vonnie — 3 Comments ↓ Let's say you've got a shiny new VPS from DigitalOcean and just installed CentOS 6. The command df stands for "disk filesystem". This will only provide the correct value if the compressed file was smaller than 4 Gb. Requirement is to convert file_size from bytes to megabytes through shell script as below: export DBALIST="[email protected] The df command displays information about total space and available space on a file system. 89 KB SAP-Note-1135057-Printer-Note-Kyocera[V. Check files/folders as per their permissions.